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5 major scenes of short video shooting, you must master!

Apr 18,2022 | MOSHUSO

5 major scenes of short video shooting, you must master! Now is the era of short videos. Many friends want to shoot wonderful short videos to attract everyone's attention, so everyone must master some short video shooting skills!  This time, I will talk with you about scene differences. Some friends don't know what scene differences are, what types and functions it has. It doesn't matter, I will introduce it to you below.

In order to let people see the different distances and different angles of the objects they want to see on the screen, different scenes of the lens are produced. Scene difference mainly refers to the distance between the camera and the subject, which results in the size of the image on the screen. The size of the scene is also related to the focal length of the photographic lens. When the focal length changes, the visual distance changes accordingly, and the viewing range also changes in size. The use of scenery is an important means in the creation of film and television art. 

In order to shape a clear film and television image, the creators are required to deal with the size and distance of the scene according to the priority of the characters, the needs of the plot, and the psychology of the audience. There are no strict boundaries for the division of scenes, and they are generally divided into long-range, panoramic, medium-range, close-up, and close-up. In order to make the division of scenes have a more uniform scale, the size of the characters in the picture is usually used as the reference for division of scenes. If there is no character in the picture, it is divided according to the proportion of the scene and the person.

1. Long shot - the shot of the camera taking things from a distance. The farther the lens is from the subject, the wider the picture and the longer the depth of field. This kind of scene can fully display the environmental space of the activities of the characters, and can be used to express feelings, render the atmosphere, and create a certain artistic conception. In the distant view, the view with the farthest viewing distance is called the large distant view. It has the largest framing range and is suitable for expressing vast and vast natural scenery, creating a profound artistic conception.

2. Panorama - a shot that shows the whole body image of a person or the whole picture of the scene. This kind of scene has a relatively small field of vision, which can clearly see both the characters and the environment, so it can express the overall actions of the characters and the relationship between the characters and the surrounding environment, and show the activities of the characters in a certain space. It is often used to photograph people in venues. Actions in a certain area, such as classrooms, markets, and shopping malls, are the main means of shaping people or things in the environment.

3. Medium Shot - The shot showing the part of the figure above the knee. The proportion of the space occupied by the characters in this kind of scene is increased, the audience can see the physical movements of the characters clearly, and observe the facial expressions of the characters more clearly, thus reflecting the inner emotions of the characters. In film and television works, it is the basic scene that is used more. While the medium shot mainly expresses the characters, it also provides a certain range of activities for people, such as a corner of a room, a corner of a courtyard, etc. The success or failure of a film and television lens mainly depends on the use of medium shots.

4. Close shot - a shot that shows the figure above the waist or chest. In this kind of scenery, portraits occupy most of the picture, and the environment becomes fragmented and blurred. It is difficult for the audience to see the actions of the whole characters, and the center of attention is often on the portraits and facial expressions of the characters. Therefore, it is often used to express the feelings and psychological activities of the characters. Its function is equivalent to the portrait description of the literary work. It is suitable for the portrayal of the character's voice, smile, appearance, clothing and clothing, and highlights the character's expression and important actions. Prominent sceneries are widely used in film and television works.

5. Close-up - a shot that shows the parts above the shoulders of a person or the subtle features of objects and scenery. It is a scene with the closest viewing distance, which can emphasize and stand out the object of performance from the surrounding environment, and make the audience pay attention to certain key details, such as startled eyes, dripping tears, trembling eyelashes, twitching muscles, etc., resulting in a strong and clear visual image. When the viewing distance is very close, it is called a close-up. The role of close-ups is multi-faceted. It can introduce characters and highlight the main image of the film; it can highlight the objects that run through it, and it can be used as a means of transforming time and space; it can also be repeated with other scenes to speed up the pace and create a tense atmosphere. Close-up shots should not be abused without restraint, and should generally be used in conjunction with panoramic shots.

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